There are different types of lung cancer, depending on which the treatment varies as well. One needs to identify the type of cell that has turned cancerous. The known two types of cancers which exist for the lungs are non small cell and small cell. The treatment for these types of cell cancers varies entirely. It is usually noticed that 90 percent of the sufferers from cancer have epidermoid carcinoma. Other than that oat cell carcinoma as well as adenocarcinoma is also present. One can decide the lung cancer treatment after diagnosing the cancer type properly.
The physician would be the best person to know the treatment options that can be obtained. There are test which can confirm what sort of cancer one is about to deal with. Lung cancer treatment is only continued after the diagnosis of the cancer in the individuals. X-ray is done. Sometimes CT scans as well as MRIs are performed too. These are common means to diagnose the cancer.
The diagnosis tests also offer the details of the cancer treatment and the stage. One can know the location as well as extent of the lung cancer after it has been confirmed that the cancer has occurred. During the initial stages the cells which have become cancerous are confined to only a single area. During the advanced stages, the cancer cells spreads to the other parts of the body and the sometimes to the lymph nodes and blood stream.
The lung cancer treatment is done through chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery. Any one of these two or combination of two or three of these treatments of lung cancer is tried. During chemotherapy, the treatment includes combination of different drugs in order to prevent the cancer cells. The drugs are applied inside the patient’s body intravenously or orally. The medicine spreads into the body of the victim and destroys the cells that are in the metastasized stage.
Other than that radiation therapy as well as high-energy x-rays is also tried. A bean of high radiation is passed through the patients’ body to kill the cells. Radiation therapy is good for killing the cancer cells. This lung cancer treatment is also known as brachytherapy. Surgery is done when the physician think that it is necessary to remove a part. This often stops the cancer from spreading into other parts of the body. Patient needs to stay in the hospital for sometime.